Your brain is the most complex organ in your body, so an injury to the area can be life-changing. Severe trauma to the head is classified as a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and symptoms and healing are different for every person. Because of their severity, head trauma and TBIs should always be examined by a licensed physician or neurologist, even if the person who suffers the injury didn’t lose consciousness.
Causes and Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury
There are a variety of mechanisms that can contribute to a traumatic brain injury. The three most common mechanisms of a traumatic brain injury are car accidents, falls and firearms. That said, there are plenty of other ways a TBI can be caused, including:
- Open head wound (from a bullet or sharp object penetrating the skull)
- Closed head wound (falls or car accidents)
- Deceleration injuries (whiplash)
- Chemicals/Toxins (lead poisoning or drug overdose)
- Lack of oxygen
- Brain tumors
In essence, any action that causes the brain to suffer acute trauma or which disrupts the brain’s normal functions can be classified as a traumatic brain injury.
Brain Injury Symptoms
As we mentioned above, symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can vary by individual and the cause of the TBI. Some of the more common symptoms of a TBI include:
- Cognitive difficulty (trouble focusing, concentrating or remembering)
- Difficulty speaking
- Difficulty sleeping
- Sensitivity to light
- Loss of consciousness
- Blurred vision
- Mood swings
- Loss of smell, taste or perception
If you experience any of the above symptoms, contact a neurologist right away.
Traumatic Brain Injury Surgery in St. Paul
Similar to the above symptoms, treatment of a traumatic brain injury depends on the severity and cause of the injury. For mild TBIs, rest and time away from activities like sports. Contact Dr. Chang today if you have sustained a brain injury and find out what your options are for treatment.